One of the more onerous provisions is the change in the way states are given funds for welfare programs. National Review Online has a must-read editorial, "Ending Welfare Reform as We Knew It," that details the changes and the implications.
In case you're one "of the chattering class that so much focuses on those little, tiny - yes - porky amendments," (as Sen. Chuck Schumer said) who "really don’t care,” this is all you need to know about the details of the bill:
The Democrats are stuffing years’ worth of legislation into their “stimulus” bill. They are operating in the legislative shadows, evading scrutiny and debate, while enacting an expansion of the welfare state that would never survive a more considered process. Obama’s right-hand man, Rahm Emanuel, put it bluntly if cynically: “You never want a serious crisis to go to waste.”